Census Records


1790

This is the 1790 census or the jurisdiction of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo and was originally published by The Institute of Texan Cultures.  In 1998 Trey Holt was given permission to bring this very important collection of early Texas source material to the Internet where it will be freely available to researchers. It is included on this site because many of the residents had connections to Refugio County.  This census enumerates the Spaniards and the Indians separately, and it further breaks down the population by those who are married, widowers, widows and single. The material has been divided here into several parts for the convenience of faster loading.

LaBahia 1790 -  Married Spaniards
La Bahia - 1790 - Widower Spaniards
La Bahia - 1790 - Unmarried Spaniards
La Bahia - 1790 - Spanish Widows
La Bahia - 1790 -  Calvary Company 

La Bahia - 1790 - Indians at Presidio

La Bahia - 1790 - Mulattoes

La Bahia - 1790 - Mestizos

Indians at the Mission of Espiritu Santo, annexed to the Royal Presidio of La Bahia

1792 - 1796

The following is a list of residents named by William H. Oberste in History of Refugio Mission, Refugio Timely Remarks, 1942.  This list is by no means a complete accounting of residents of the mission during this period.
Mission Residents Between 1792 and 1796

1810

This is the January 4, 1810, census for the jurisdiction of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo and was originally published by The Institute of Texan Cultures.  In 1998 Trey Holt was given permission to bring this very important collection of early Texas source material to the Internet where it will be freely available to researchers. It is included on this site because many of the residents were listed as "resides at Refugio Mission".  There are 92 households on Page 1 and 58 households on Page 2.  Each household lists the head as well as each family member, relationship, age, place of birth and when he/she arrived.  The material has been divided here into 2 parts for the convenience of faster loading.
La Bahia 1810 Census - Page 1
La Bahia 1810 Census - Page 2

1811

This is the January 4, 1811, census for the jurisdiction of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo and was originally published by The Institute of Texan Cultures.  In 1998 Trey Holt was given permission to bring this very important collection of early Texas source material to the Internet where it will be freely available to researchers. It is included on this site because many of the residents were listed as "resides at Refugio Mission".  There are 89 households on Page 1 and 49 households on Page 2.  Each household lists the head as well as each family member, relationship, age, place of birth and when he/she arrived.  The material has been divided here into 2 parts for the convenience of faster loading.

La Bahia 1811 Census - Page 1
La Bahia 1811 Census - Page 2
Santa Margarita Ranch
Owned by Don Martin de Leon
Census Report of November 10, 1811

As found in the papers of Msgr. Wm. H. Oberste


1814

The following is a list of residents named by William H. Oberste in History of Refugio Mission, Refugio Timely Remarks, 1942, as having been killed by Indians in 1814.  This list is by no means a complete accounting of residents of the mission during this period.

Mission Residents Killed by Indians - 1814

1825

This is the April 24, 1825, census for La Bahia del Espiritu Santo and was originally published by The Institute of Texan Cultures.  In 1998 Trey Holt was given permission to bring this very important collection of early Texas source material to the Internet where it will be freely available to researchers. It is included on this site because many of the residents are names familiar to Refugio County.  There are 103 households.  Each household lists family members as well as servants and domestics.  Occupations, marital status and ages are given.
La Bahia 1825 Census - Household Nos. 1 through 8
La Bahia 1825 Census - Household Nos. 9 through 20
La Bahia 1825 Census - Household Nos. 21 through 35

La Bahia 1825 Census - Household Nos. 36 through 48

La Bahia 1825 Census - Household Nos. 49 through 61

La Bahia 1825 Census - Household Nos. 62 through 77
La Bahia 1825 Census - Household Nos. 78 through 96

1846

1846 Poll List - Part I - A through F
1846 Poll List - Part II - G through L
 1846 Poll List - Part III - M through R
1846 Poll List - Part IV - S through Z

I have transcribed the county poll lists for Refugio, Goliad, San Patricio and Victoria Counties because during this early period our ancestors migrated and boundary lines changed.
Presently I am posting A through F, and I hope to post the remainder in two sections later this week.

Since the population of Refugio Co. in 1840 was not sufficient enough to warrant tax assessment, this poll list for 1846 is the first record for Refugio Co. to serve in lieu of a census record.  As Texas was a Republic in 1840 and not part of the United States, there was no federal census as for the other states.


1850

1850 Census Index

1850 Census by Household/Page
1850 Slave Schedule
1850 Mortality Schedule

1860

1860 Census by Household/Post Office/Page
1860 Free Blacks in Refugio Co.
There was only was free black family in 1860.
1860 Penitentiary Residents
1860 Slave Schedule - Refugio County
1860 Slave Schedule for San Patricio County
1860 Mortality Schedule
Doctors in 1860
Lawyers in 1860
Preachers in 1860 and 1870
Teachers in 1860
Slave Owners - 1863
Abstracted from Refugio Co. Tax Records - Many names here!!

1870

1870 Census
Twenty-seven pages are transcribed at this time.  Remaining pages will be posted in January 2003
1870 Mortality Schedule
Doctors in 1870
Lawyers in 1870
Preachers in 1860 and 1870
Saddlers in 1870
Teachers in 1870

1880

 

1880 Mortality Schedule
1880 Enumeration Districts for Refugio Co., Texas
1880 - Teachers
1880 - Various Occupations
65 people listed
A butcher, 4 blacksmiths, a gambler, a cowboy and a family of horse breakers...plus many more.
1880 Census - ED128 - Page 01 (345A) - Refugio Co.
1880 Census - ED128 - Page 02 (345B) - Refugio Co.
Search the 1880 census for the entire U.S. for free.
This is a direct link to the LDS page - all you have to do is enter your names!!  This is a wonderful research tool, but I caution you to be creative with name spellings.  Transcribers, not being familiar with names in the various counties, often made errors even if the enumerator had spelled the name correctly.   

The real asset is that once you have located an individual, there are two links on the right side of the page.  One will take you to the household and list all of the people in it, and the other will take you to the person before or after the individual in the census.  Once you are in a household, you can go to the previous or next household.  Try it out - it is a lot of fun!!


1900

1900 Enumeration Districts
Complete surname listing for 1900 by household.

1900 - Surnames - E.D. 70 - Justice Precincts 1 and 2, including Refugio Town

1900 - Surnames - E.D. 71 - Justice Precincts 3, 4 and 5

1910

The 1910 census is currently being transcribed by a volunteer.
1910 Enumeration Districts

1920

An index for the 1920 census is currently being prepared by a volunteer.
1920 Enumeration Districts
1920 - Postmaster and Mail Carriers
1920 - Prisoners
1920 - Teachers
1920 - Polks Boarding House - Tivoli
1920 - Tuttle Boarding House - Woodsboro

1930

The 1930 census is currently being transcribed by a volunteer.
1930 Enumeration Districts
1930 Census - Boarders at home of Leonard Jeter - Refugio (14 people)
1930 Census - Tivoli Boarding House (18 people) 
1930 Census - Pages 114-1A and 114-1B
Surnames Only - Town of Refugio - Streets Given
1930 Census - Page 115-2A and 115-2B
Surnames Only - Town of Refugio - Streets Given
1930 Census - Page 116-3A and 116-3B
Surnames Only - Town of Refugio - Streets Given
1930 Census - Page 117-4A and 117-4B
Surnames Only - Town of Refugio - Streets Given

Texas Census Maps
1840 - 1930
Link to maps for census years showing counties as they existed at the time

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